The history of local public passenger transport in Frankfurt

Opening of the Taunus Railway with a short route from the Höchst district of Frankfurt am Main to Wiesbaden

1 November 1840
Approval for regular horse-drawn omnibus operations through the city represents at the same time the first regular local passenger transport service in Frankfurt am Main

19 May 1872
Approval to operate and open the first horse-drawn railway line from Schönhof to Bockenheimer Warte and Hauptwache). Establishment of the Frankfurter Trambahn-Gesellschaft by the firm of F. de la Hault & Cie. of Brussels

Construction of the first electric tram route between Frankfurt and Offenbach by the Frankfurt-Offenbacher Trambahn-Gesellschaft (FOTG)

12 May 1888
Operational start of the Frankfurter Lokalbahn AG with steam engines, which continue to operate until 1929

1 January 1898
Transfer of the Frankfurter Trambahn-Gesellschaft to the City

1 January 1899
Transfer of Waldbahn AG to the City


1 January 1901
Transfer of the Eschersheim Steam Railway of Frankfurter Lokalbahn AG to the City

Transfer of the electric tram system of the Frankfurt-Offenbacher Trambahn-Gesellschaft (FOTG) to the City of Frankfurt. All routes are now amalgamated under the administration of the City under the name of “Städtische Strassenbahn” (“City trams”).

Termination of the last horse-drawn tram operation. All lines are now electrified except for a few steam trams.

The first omnibuses come into service.

1 April 1955
The operations of Frankfurter Lokalbahn AG in Bad Homburg v.d.H. are taken over into the City’s administration. The two routes operated from Heddernheim to Bad Homburg v.d.H. and from Heddernheim to Hohemark are described as the “Taunusbahn

4 July 1961
The City Council passes a resolution approving the development of a new transport system, the Underground.

The two City undertakings, the Stadtwerke (transport) and Strassenbahn (trams) are amalgamated into one operation

4 October 1968
The first Underground route comes into operation from Hauptwache to Nordweststadt.

The Frankfurter Transport and Tariff Grouping is established (one of its shareholders is SWF)

4 November 1973
The Underground route is opened from Hauptwache to Theaterplatz.

26 May 1974
The tunnel stretch is opened between Theaterplatz and Konstablerwache; tram route B1 from Theaterplatz to Giessener Strasse comes into operation.

29 September 1974
Extension of Line A1: Nordweststadt to Römerstadt

9 March 1977
Extension of U5: Giessener Strasse to Preungesheim

28 May 1978
Opening of the city tram routes: Theaterplatz to Hauptwache; Römerstadt to Ginnheim; Heddernheim to Oberursel and Hohemark; mainline railway station to Theaterplatz; Giessener Strasse to Preungesheim

Operational start of central tram workshop

31 May 1980
Opening of the route from Konstablerwache to Seckbacher Landstrasse; introduction of the new underground train Type U3

Operational start of the control room

30 September 1984
Opening of the underground route from Theaterplatz to Südbahnhof; extension of Routes U1, U2 and U3 to Südbahnhof

11 October 1986
Opening of underground Route C: Industriehof to Zoo

30 May 1992
Operational start of underground Route CI: Zoo to Enkheim; rearrangement of Route U7: Hausen to Enkheim

28 May 1995
Operational start of Rhine-Main transport grouping

12 June 1995
Motorised unit Type U4 (U3-2000) comes into use

15 December 1995
Formal establishment of the Stadtwerke Verkehrsgesellschaft Frankfurt am Main mbH (VGF)

1 August 1996
VGF starts business operations

7 July 1997
125 years of trams in Frankfurt

9 September 1997
Opening of the “Traffic Island” at Hauptwache

10 October 1997
Introduction of the new logo for “VGF”, Verkehrsgesellschaft Frankfurt

4 October 1998
30 years of underground railways in Frankfurt

5 February 1999
Introduction of “Dynamic passenger information” at VGF stops and stations

26 February 1999
Cashless payment has become established at VGF

15 June 1999
VGF goes online

4 November 1999
VGF deploys passenger attendants for the first time to improve its customer service


27 February 2000
Start of the new bus strategy “Frankfurt North”

1 April 2000
VGF starts cooperation with local CarSharing providers

18 May 2000
Modernisation of the bus fleet: acquisition of 22 new low-floor articulated buses

7 October 2000
75 years of bus transport in Frankfurt

10 February 2001
Opening of the underground route from the mainline railway station to Bockenheimer Warte in the new Festhalle/Messe station

14 June 2001
Start of VGF’s new night bus strategy

August to October 2001
Modernisation of the bus fleet; acquisition of 50 new buses

November 2001
VGF orders 60 new low-floor trams

17 December 2001 Opening of the newly extended terminus at the border to the city of Offenbach

5 May 2002
25 years of Ebbelwei Express

11 to 13 June 2002
Annual conference of the German National Transport Association (VDV) in Frankfurt am Main

4 October 2002
Start of the “Everyone travels with us” image campaign

6 December 2002
VGF becomes the strategic partner of the tram company in neighbouring Hanau, the Hanauer Strassenbahn AG (HSB)

20 December 2002
Start of the VGF online ticket shop

12 July 2003
Opening of the East Depot

September 2003
Modernisation of the bus fleet; acquisition of 25 new buses

December 2003
Opening of the new Route 17

1 January 2004 Incorporation into VGF of the City of Frankfurt am Main tram construction office

13 March 2004
Opening of the redesigned ticket office on the B- Level at Hauptwache

19 April 2004
VGF becomes a rail transport company

4 to 6 June 2004
First Frankfurt dragon boat festival

31 May 2005
25 years of B-route (subway line 4 Seckbacher Landstraße-Konstablerwache)

June 2005
VGF gets equipped for the 2006 World Cup: Start of the new operating concept of the stadium line to the Confederations CUP

12 December 2005
Start of the Odenwaldbahn by VIAS (50% held by Rurtal-Bahn, 50% by VGF)

December 2005
Start of the Odenwaldbahn by VIAS (50% participation of Rurtal-Bahn, 50% VGF)

May 2006
Opening of the new Safety and Service Centre (SuS-Zentrale) of VGF

July 2006
VGF profits from the World Cup: the operating and service concept has more than proven itself

1 August 2006
VGF celebrates its 10-year anniversary

7 September 2006
First handcar trip through a subway tunnel in Germany

September 2006
VGF restored a 50-year old tram; the "L" car shines once more

November 2006
VGF improves the interior of the new "U5"-subways; subway is even more customer friendly

December 2006
The security service of VGF turns 25

5 February 2007
The Ebbelwei-Expreß celebrates its 30th birthday

March 2007
One year successful cooperation between VGF and OVB

26 April 2007
Opening of the extension of the subway station "Ostbahnhof"; the new 70-meter portion is put into operation

31 May 2007
15 years of the subway section "Zoo" in the direction of "Enkheim"

August 2007
VGF procures 37 new busses equipped with the most modern environmental standards

March 2008
45 years of articulated busses in Frankfurt

29 May 2008
Presentation of the new U5-car. A total of 146 "Flexity Swift" type vehicles will modernize the vehicle fleet of VGF in the coming years

15 June 2008
Opening of the "U4"-extension, "Schäfflestraße" stop

Summer 2008
Beginning of construction on the new subway lines U8/U9 to the Frankfurt district of "Riedberg"

October 2008
40 years of city railway

18 February 2009
125-years of electric tram in Frankfurt

23 March 2009
Beginning of construction on the "Frankfurter Bogen"

May 2009
50 years of the Rebstock depot

May 2009
25 years of the Frankfurt am Main Transport Museum

12 December 2010
Opening of newly built Riedberg stretch of the U8 and U9 lines

May 2014 
30 years of the Frankfurt am Main Transport Museum